Three-Port Bridgeless PFC-Based Quasi Single-Stage Single-Phase AC–DC Converters for Wide Voltage Range Applications

Quasi single-stage single-phase ac-dc power converters based on a three-port bridgeless power factor corrector (TPB-PFC) are proposed in this paper. The TPB-PFC, which is able to provide an ac input port, a dc load port, and a dc bus port simultaneously, is derived by introducing a new dc load port into a conventional bridgeless PFC. The load, whose voltage can be either lower or higher than the peak amplitude of the ac line voltage, is connected to the dc load port of the TPB-PFC directly. Therefore, the ac input power can be fed to the dc load with the single-stage power conversion when the instantaneous ac voltage is lower than the voltage of the dc load. Although another dc-dc converter is required to accomplish the power transmission between the dc bus port and the dc load port of the TPB-PFC, the power rating and losses of the dc-dc converter are reduced significantly, in comparison with a two-stage ac-dc converter. Furthermore, the switching losses of the TPB-PFC are reduced thanks to the three-level characteristic of the proposed converter. The topology derivation, operation principles, modulation strategies, and characteristics of the proposed ac-dc converter are analyzed and verified experimentally with a 2-kW prototype.

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